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How to setup and Optimize a Router Step by Step

How to setup and Optimize a Router Step by Step

Router Setup Full Analysis

Router… Well, we know very much about Router and also which purpose it will use. Not only past, today also we

used “SWITCH” (LAN Switch) to share the internet from one computer to other computer and it helps us to create an own network. Within that network, we can share our files, documents, Internet etc. Actually now, Switch is used for a bigger networking purpose. Today we will discuss “How to setup a Router“.

But there is another side of a small network. Basically, in Home purpose, we don’t have to need a SWITCH. So what is the substitute?

The in-home purpose or a small business purpose we need a LAN shared network and if we get an extra facility of wireless, then it could be best for us. Side by side if these all are available as “all in one“ facility also is the cheaper price, then its best for us. So now I talk to you about that thing called “Router”.

 

Router

The router is now very easily available in the market and also very easy to install. As per my answer to the previous question, this “Router” is the solution to that. With this Router, you can easily share your Internet connection wirelessly and also you can create a mini Computer Network through LAN cable.

 If you have One or Two computer then just purchase a Router from the market and start your job easily. I just discuss the full anatomy of how to setup a router step by step. Just read it one and go ahead.

 

Configuring the Device

  • Now connect one end of the power adapter to a router and then plug the other end into an electric switchboard (outlet) nearby.
  • Connect the LAN port on the Router to the NIC port on your PC or Laptop using an Ethernet cable.
  • Connect the WAN port on the Router to an Internet-enabled Cable/xDSL modem using an Ethernet cable.
  • Then connect the power adapter to the Router’s power socket and the other end into an electrical outlet.
  • Then Power on your PC, the Router and Cable/DSL modem.

When all of the devices boot up completely (POST), makes sure that the Router’s LEDs light “ON”.

 

Configuring the Router in web

  • Login to Router – Configuring the router via Web-based configuration
  • To login the router, you should set up the TCP/IP Protocol in “Obtain an IP address automatically” mode on your PC(s).To access the configuration, just open any of your web browsers and type a default address (this is the default of all Router) http://192.168.1.1Then a Login page will appear now put a default password to log in the interface. Thereafter you can enter the Router wizard.
    • Configure it quickly – After that, a window is open with have 3 choice options. These are :
    1. Router: This is a mode where you can configure your Internet connection in Router’s WAN port. With this setting, all of your clients can access the Internet of your through LAN ports or over the wireless connection.
    2. WISP Mode: In this mode, an internet connection will be configured over wireless. All clients will able to access the Internet wired as well as wireless. The LAN port device shares the same IP from WISP through a wireless port, the Wireless port acts as a LAN port.
    3. Universal Repeater: In this mode, this device relays the signal between its stations and the root AP for a greater wireless range.

    This Universal Repeater Mode of a Router is used to extend the range of the wireless signal of the existing AP or wireless router.

Thereafter click on “Next”. Another screen will appear then to select Router Mode > select the connection type for configuring Internet i.e PPPoE, Dynamic or Static.

how to setup a router - Universal Repeater - Connection Type

  • If you have a PPPoE account, select PPPoE and click Next to load the following figure,  and then put your User Name and Password provided by your ISP.
  • Then if you have a Dynamic IP (or automatic IP) account, select Dynamic IP and click Next, the Router will automatically get IP parameters from your ISP without entering any parameters.
  • Again if you have a fixed IP (or static IP) account, select Static IP and click Next to load the following figure, and enter the parameters provided by your ISP.

N.B: Wireless Settings

If you want to set up the Router wirelessly, first you can set up previous steps and then done that mention above. After wireless setting save the configuration and use for Internet.

Also Read: How to Connect Two Routers

Setup the Network

Select the option “Network” settings > WAN to configure Internet connection type.

  • WAN- There are 5 Internet connection types available: PPPoE, Static IP, Dynamic IP, PPTP, and L2TP. Select your Internet connection type from the following and follow the instruction given below step by step:
  • PPPoE: If your ISP is using a PPPoE connection and provide you with PPPoE username and password information, then select PPPoE.

how to setup a router - PPoE Setup

N.B: To activate the “Connect on Fixed Time” feature, You must have to configure current time first on the “Time Settings” screen under “System Tools” menu.

  • Static IP: If your ISP offers you Static IP Internet connection type, select “Static IP” from mode drop-down menu and then enter IP address, subnet mask, primary DNS and secondary DNS information provided by your ISP into those fields.

how to setup a router - WAN Settings

[MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. DO NOT change it from the factory default of 1500 unless necessary.]

  • Dynamic IP: Select this option if your ISP does not give you any IP information or account information. You don’t need to configure any settings for this connection.
  • MAC Cloning- This section allows you to configure the router’s WAN MAC address. Some ISP may require binding an accepted MAC address for communication. If the bound MAC address differs from your router’s predefined WAN MAC address, then you need to replace the router’s WAN MAC with the bound MAC for achieving valid communication with your ISP.

how to setup a router - MAC Cloning

  • Repeater Mode- Repeater mode is used to extend the range of the wireless signal of the existing AP or wireless router.

In this mode, users can connect to the device either by wired or wireless. The SSID of the router should be the same as that of the device you repeat.

  • WSIP- In WISP mode, the router enables multiple users to share the Internet connection from. On this mode, the LAN port devices share the same IP from WISP through wireless port. While connecting to WISP, the Wireless port works as a WAN port at WISP Client mode.
  • WAN Speed- This section allows you to configure WAN speed. Default settings are recommended.

how to setup a router - WAN Speed

  1. AUTO: DO NOT change this default setting unless you are connecting an excessively long Ethernet cable from your ISP, which may degrade drive capability, to the router’s WAN port.
  2. 10M HALF-duplex: Select it if your router’s WAN port does not function properly when connected to an Ethernet cable from your ISP; excessive length of the cable may degrade drive capacity of the WAN port.
  3. 10M FULL-duplex/100M Half-duplex/100m FULL-duplex: Select it to set router’s WAN port as improving WAN port drive capacity.
  • LAN Setup- Click “Network Setting” — “LAN” to enter the interface below.

LAN MAC Address: Displays LAN MAC Address,

IP Address: The default LAN IP address for this Router is 192.168.1.1. You can change it according to your need. 

How to setup Router - LAN Setup

Subnet Mask: Enter the Router’s LAN Subnet Mask. The default is 255.255.255.0.

If you want to set up the Router wirelessly, first you can set up previous steps and then done that mention above. After wireless setting save the configuration and use for Internet.

How to Setup a Router Wireless Settings

  • Wireless

How to setup Router - Wireless Settings

  1. Enable Wireless Function:  Check/uncheck to enable /disable the wireless feature. When it disabled, all wireless related features also will be disabled automatically.
  2. Network Mode:  Select a right mode according to your Wireless client. The default mode is 11b/g/n mixed.
  3. 11 Mbps 802.11b mode: Select it if you have the only Wireless-B client in your wireless network.
  4. 54 Mbps 802.11g mode: Select it if you have only Wireless-G clients in your wireless network.
  5. Mixed 802.11b/g mode: Select it if you have only Wireless-B and wireless-G clients in your wireless network.
  6. Automatic 11b/g/n mixed mode: Select it if you have only Wireless-B, Wireless-G and Wireless-N clients in your wireless network.
  7. SSID: A SSID (Service Set Identifier) is the unique name of a wireless network. The primary SSID is changeable and compulsory.
  8. Broadcast (SSID): Select “Disable” to hide your SSID. When it disabled, no other wireless clients will be able to see your wireless network when they perform a scan to see what’s available. If anyone wants to connect to your Router, they will have to first know your this SSID and then manually enter it on their devices. By default, this option is enabled.
  9. Channel: The channel can be changed to fit the channel setting for an existing wireless network or to customize the wireless network. From the drop-down menu, you can select a most effective channel, which ranges from 1 to 11. Also, you can select “Auto Select” to let the system detect and choose one that best fits for your network.
  • Wireless Security

This security section will allow you to configure wireless security settings to block unauthorized access to your wireless network and prevent malicious packet sniffing. You have 4 days to encrypt your wireless data: WPS, WEP, WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK.

» WPS Settings:  WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) function allows you to add a new wireless device to an existing network quickly.

Wi-Fi Protected Setup – Automatically establishing a WPA2 secure wireless connection. 

»WPA-PSK: The WPA protocol implements the majority of the IEEE 802.11i standard. It enhances your data encryption through the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which is a 128-bit per packet key, meaning that it dynamically generates a new key for each packet. One interesting thing is, WPA also includes one another message integrity check feature to prevent data packets from being hampered with. Only users who are authorized by this network can access the wireless network.

how to setup a router - Wireless Security

  1. Security Mode: Select a proper mode for security, which is also supported by your wireless clients, from the drop-down menu.
  2. WPA Algorithms: Select either AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) or TKIP (Temporary Key Integrity Protocol) type.
  3. Key Renewal Interval: Enter a valid time period for the key.

»WPA2-PSK:  WPA2 protocol features compliance with the full IEEE 802.11i standard and uses Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in addition to TKIP encryption protocol to guarantee better security than that provided by WEP or WPA.

How to setup router - Wireless Security - WPA2-PSK

LAN Setup

You can change the default IP address and subnet mask of LAN IP address through LAN Menu.

How to setup Router - LAN Setup

Advance Settings

URL filtering, Virtual Server, DMZ, DYDNS, Remote Management, WAN Ping & Ping settings can be configured through the Advanced menu.

Routing Menu

How to setup Router - Routing Setup

Static Routing, if required in your network, need to be configured through static routing menu.

Routing table will show the routing status.

Bandwidth Control

Bandwidth control function will help to limit the speed if LAN up to 20 entries.

If you want to set up the Router wirelessly, first you can set up previous steps and then done that mention above. After wireless setting save the configuration and use for Internet.

System Tools

System tools menu will help to manage below functions of a router

  • Time settings
  • Backup / Restore
  • Factory Default
  • Firmware Upgrade
  • Restart
  • Password
  • System Log

I think all ends. But Its strongly recommended using a protection in your Router. Otherwise, its all lose if anyone hacks your router.

Also Read:

At last, don’t forget to comment us if we missed anything… and also share your experience.

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Abhijit

After Make a long journey I publish this Website also with help of my partners. I will try to give more technical ideas, news and tips about about our daily life technology. So lets see

This Post Has One Comment

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